In modern life the organization of society and government is unthinkable without a legal dimension. National, international and transnational laws are now a complex whole of knowledge that requires professionals who are able to cope with the overall demands of society and the profession. Today, without the help of legal professionals is not possible to solve the innumerable issues in the private and public law spheres where faced and clarified legal relations of different degrees of complexity. Because of these reasons, Criminal Justice colleges are educating students to become professionals in various criminal justice fields. Some of the most popular career orientations are :
Criminal scene Investigator
Can from the dirt on the shoe be determined exactly where the victim lived? Can a piece of paint reveal the exact model and manufacturing year of a car? Is there a perfect crime? These and other questions are answered by Crime Scene Investigators.
On the crime scene the first to arrive is the police, next on the scene are Crime Scene Investigators, in order to fixate the situation at the site and search it thoroughly. The found traces are packed and send to competent laboratories for further analysis. During the forensic process at the crime scene, investigators collect all available information, interpret the visible traces and create a mental reconstruction in order to set all the possible versions of the events. Based on this criminal scene investigators are visualizing the latent traces of papillary lines. The sequence of actions depends on the location and types of events. Crime Scene Investigator do have a “busy day”
Today, criminals are increasingly using computers to carry out theft, fraud and other malicious actions. The emergence of cyber-crime has increased dramatically in recent years due to advances in information technology. The same technology we are using in our everyday life can be misused for criminal acts. Many people that maliciously use computers assume that they can be lost in a sea of personal and laptop computers used worldwide and be safe from criminal responsibilities. However, if information abuse is discovered the computer can be searched for evidence and through a analysis and is possible to determine the responsibility of the person who committed the crime. This is the job of computer forensic degree graduates. It is very important that the digital evidence is collected by certified computer forensic experts, because in the process data can be lost or damaged.
Paralegals are office employees that work on the preparation, issuance and registration of issued and received files and documents. It can be a certificate of citizenship, passports, identity cards, permits etc… The job is in most cases a combination of communication with people and processing documents. Paralegals talk with citizens and remit them to which personal and other documents need to be made available in order to obtain the requested documents. According to the documentation they prepare the required documents. While working they are communicating with citizens and other employees in the office. If necessary, are contacting various institutions and companies, eg banks and post offices. Paralegals degree graduates are working in professional services as well as general administrative government offices, administrative offices, home offices, land registry offices, welfare offices, insurance companies, police offices, offices for verification of signatures, handwriting and transcriptions as well as in private companies. In these services, Paralegals are focused and limited to those facilities that are related to the scope of work and responsibilities of certain facilities. Paralegals work on a personal computer and all other aids for office work and communication.
Criminologist focuses on analyzing the criminal activity of persons who constitute the criminal offenses during a period of time. More specifically, the analysis here involves primarily a collection of the quantitative data on the type, number and severity of the offenses, the frequency of committing criminal offenses to official data or self-reports of perpetrators of criminal offenses, the period of he commission of criminal offenses and certain conclusions about making a criminal career on the basis of the results .