The complexity of criminal behavior is reflected in the existence of a large number of biological, psychological and sociological theories that try to explain this phenomenon. These theories are thoroughly studied on most criminal justice colleges. Until now science has not formulated a unique and comprehensive model that would perceive the essence of criminal phenomena. Criminogenic determinants are divided into three groups:
The first group relates to the wider community; The second is characterized with specifications of narrow social environments; And the third reflects the individual aspect of the perpetrator.
Criminal characteristics of the broader social community
Current social reality, often as the supreme ideal of success, emphasizes profits, income, status, power, and not work and honesty. Many activities from the edge of the law are tolerated if they are done from privileged people, while individuals of marginal significance are subjected to legal sanctions. Lifestyle of the streets and coffee bars, aided with the violence from mass media, and also the ideology of easy, nice and immoral life, contribute to formation of criminal motivation.
We also should not neglect the contribution of social, economic and political crises, endangered egzistential conditions, disruption in the functioning of the legal system and weakening of social control.
Criminal characteristics of the narrower social community refer to influence of urban areas, rural areas, delinquent regions, subcultures and countercultures, family milieu, as well as the victims of crime.
The influence of urban and rural areas, as seen in reports, show that crime is much more present in urban areas than in rural environment. In the villages typical are offenses of arson, theft of livestock, infanticide, blood revenge, etc.
Lesser criminogenity of the countryside is interpreted with the existence of strong informal social control, less marked material differences, lack of opportunities for the realization of criminal intent, unfavorable circumstances to hide after commission of offense, etc.
Contemporary criminological researches, as one of the subjects learned on criminal justice classes, show that offenders often come from poorer backgrounds, they choose areas with high standard of living to carry out their crimes, so that these areas later become criminogenic zones.
Influence of subculture and counterculture is particularly evident during the formation of juvenile gangs who cherish the value system embodied by negativism in relation to generally accepted norms of behavior in the community. Here the individual must prove his belonging to subculture with his radical rejection of the customary, moral, religious, and legal norms of global society, in order to acquire support of like-minded and illusion of security and protection.
This kind of social pressure can often be crucial in the start of sociopathological deviances such as alcoholism, drug addiction, sectarianism, extreme promiscuity and other criminal activities.